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Assistive Technologies for Computer-Based Assessments

Hakkinen, Mark T.
Publication Year:
Report Number:
R&D Connections, n24, 2015
Document Type:
Subject/Key Words:
Accessibility (For Disabled) Alternative Communication Assistive Technologies Augmentative Communication Braille Computer-Based Testing (CBT) Computer-Synthesized Text-to-Speech Educational Technology English Learners With Disabilities Handheld Devices Haptics Information Technology (IT) Interoperability Learning Disabilities Printers Screen Readers Sensory Disabilities Standardization Students with Disabilities Test Accommodations Testing Standards Visual Impairments Web Content Accessibility Guidelines Wireless Computing World Wide Web Consortium


This essay discusses the new opportunities for test takers with disabilities created by computer and communications technology. It also discusses the role of standards and new legal requirements for making the technology inexpensive and widely available. The author states that it is crucial that the new computer-based delivery platforms and assistive technologies not alter the construct to be assessed or make the assessment process more complicated for the test taker. The author describes various accommodations for test takers with disabilities and gives examples of technologies that students with sensory disabilities can use, for example refreshable braille keyboards and embossed printers. The essay concludes by highlighting the need for more research in this area.

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