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What Does It Mean to Be a Nonprofit Educational Measurement Organization in the 21st Century?

Bennett, Randy Elliot
Publication Year:
ETS Publication
Document Type:
Page Count:
Subject/Key Words:
College Entrance Examination Board (CEEB) Educational Measurement History of ETS Internal Revenue Service No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB) Nonprofit Organization


This paper explores the meaning of nonprofit status in the field of educational measurement. Educational Testing Service (ETS), the largest nonprofit educational measurement organization, is used as a case study. The paper reviews the historical roots of ETS from two perspectives. First, the requirements and history of the Internal Revenue Code governing the establishment and operation of 501(c)3 organizations are described. Next, the people and events leading to the establishment of ETS as a nonprofit educational measurement organization are explored. Finally, the principles underlying Section 501(c)3 and those of ETS's progenitors are brought together to suggest what it means to be a nonprofit educational measurement organization in the 21st century.

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