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Prediction of Scholastic Achievement from Noncognitive Factors

Lord, Frederic M.
Publication Year:
Report Number:
ETS Research Bulletin
Document Type:
Page Count:
Subject/Key Words:
Academic Achievement, Grade Prediction, Individual Characteristics, Student Characteristics


The present survey covers much research reported between 1937 and 1950 on the relation of noncognitive variables to scholastic achievement. Emphasis is given to studies that look into the relationship of noncognitive variables to achievement when aptitude is held constant. The question of primary interest is how can noncognitive variables be used to increase the accuracy with which scholastic achievement can be predicted[QUESTION MARK] A small table is presented showing the multiple correlation that would be attained with achievement from the two predictor variables that are uncorrelated with each other and that are correlated with achievement to the extent specified. Physical data including sex, age, general health, and metabolism are reported. Background data is also reported. This includes: religion and nationality of parents; father's occupation and college background; family income; socioeconomic status; and family composition. Early school background, extracurricular activities, curricular and occupational choice, interests, study habits, incentives and motivation, and personality are also correlated to scholastic achievement. (SGK)

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