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The Prediction of Academic Grades With a Projective Test of Achievement Motivation: I. Initial Validation Studies

Ricciuti, Henry N.
Publication Year:
Report Number:
ETS Research Bulletin
Document Type:
Page Count:
Subject/Key Words:
Office of Naval Research, Achievement Need, Grade Prediction, Motivation, Predictive Validity, Projective Measures, Validity Studies, Visual Measures


This study was concerned with an evaluation of the validity of a projective "picture-interpretation" test of achievement motivation for predicting academic grades. Results based upon groups of high school juniors, college freshmen, and Naval officer candidates, revealed promising relationships only at the high school level between the test and academic grades, corrected for ability differences. The number of words written in the picture-interpretation stories proved to be very nearly as valid a predictor of high school grades as was the achievement motivation score itself.

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