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A Description and Evaluation of the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator

Ross, John; Stricker, Lawrence J.
Publication Year:
Report Number:
ETS Research Bulletin
Document Type:
Page Count:
Subject/Key Words:
Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, Personality Measures, Personality Theories, Test Reviews


The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator is a Jungian-oriented, self-report inventory which categorizes people into dichotomous categories along each of four dimensions: extraversion-introversion, sensation-intuition, thinking-feeling, and judgment-perception. The theory underlying this inventory, as well as relevant Jungian theory, the way that the Indicator was constructed, and intercorrelational, reliability, and validity studies are described and discussed in terms of their bearing on the correspondence between the topology formulated by Jung and Myers' version of it, and extent to which the Indicator actually reflects Myers' topology, the utility of the Indicator in predicting important variables, and any unique and potentially useful properties of the Indicator. In addition, a lengthy appendix includes 59 tables and several graphs presenting data and correlations on the Indicator. Normative data are presented for several different groups as an aid to interpretation of Indicator type classifications and continuous scores. These tested groups are: 1) high school students; 2) male liberal arts college students; 3) male engineering school students; 4) service academy students; 5) Long Island University male and female students; 6) divinity school students; 7) industrial administration students; 8) recent college graduate appointees hired by Westinghouse; and 9) public elementary school teachers. (JGL)

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