This paper was presented at the meetings of the American Psychological Association in New York in September 1966. The study described involved experimental manipulation of some organizational characteristics and the effects of the experimental treatments on the means of the dependent variables. A laboratory simulation used involved a long, elaborate, and realistic situational test in which subjects performed the paper work of an executive in a simulated job. The preliminary findings were presented. Though the author indicated that work was not yet far enough along to make definite statements, he did note that these preliminary results seem to give support to the notions (1) that a combination of an experimental approach with a multivariate approach has merit; (2) that the more sophisticated prediction model may enable gaining new insights into the interrelations of men and organizations; and (3) that the experimental approach may be extended into new research areas by performing experiments in simulated social situations.