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A Latency Analysis of Strategies Underlying Children's Recall of Sentences NICHD

Freedle, Roy O.; Hall, William S.
Publication Year:
Report Number:
ETS Research Bulletin
Document Type:
Subject/Key Words:
National Institute for Child Health and Human Development (NICHD), Cognitive Processes, Language Acquisition, Memory, Preschool Children, Recall (Psychology), Sentence Structure


It has been found that an information-processing analysis of latencies collected in an immediate sentence recall task using children with median age 4 years 4 months favors a serial processing mechanism. This mechanism consists of three major parts: (1) The detection of a clausal boundary; (2) the assesssment of whether or not the observed nounverb-no structure satisfies a unique semantic constraint (in terms of the meaningfulness of interchanging its two clausal nouns); and (3) the assessment of whether the observed surface sequence satisfies a canonical order of subject-verb-object. (Author/DP) (36pp.)

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