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Richness of Visual Information and Recognition Memory for Pictures

Naus, Mary J.; Ward, William C.
Publication Year:
Report Number:
ETS Research Bulletin
Document Type:
Page Count:
Subject/Key Words:
Adults, Cognitive Processes, Memory, Pictorial Stimuli, Preschool Children, Visual Perception


Recognition memory for pictures of common objects was tested in a forced choice procedure with preschool children and adults, and in a yes-no procedure with adults. Latencies to correct choices were shorter for pictures presented and tested in appropriate color than for black and white outline drawings. Recognition was also faster when pictures were presented in black and white but shown in their colored versions at the time of test, indicating that the facilitating effect of color arises at the time of retrieval rather than through differential encoding. (15pp.)

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