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Field Dependent and Field Independent Cognitive Styles and Their Educational Implications

Cox, Patricia W.; Goodenough, Donald R.; Witkin, Herman A.
Publication Year:
Report Number:
ETS Research Bulletin
Document Type:
Page Count:
Subject/Key Words:
National Institute of Mental Health, Academic Achievement, Career Choice, Cognitive Style, Educational Objectives, Field Dependence Independence, Interaction, Learning Processes, Literature Reviews, Teaching Methods


The field dependent and field independent cognitive styles are described in detail and a characterization of cognitive styles in general is given. The literature from four areas of interest to educators, in which the implications of the field dependent and field independent cognitive styles have been examined, are reviewed. These areas are: How students learn; how teachers teach; how teachers and students interact; how students make their educational-vocational choices and perform in the area of their choice. (116pp.)

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