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Changes in the SAT-Verbal: A Study of Trends in Content and Gender References 1961-1987 SAT

Cruise, Pamela I.; Kimmel, Ernest W.
Publication Year:
Report Number:
ETS Research Report
Document Type:
Page Count:
Subject/Key Words:
College Board, Gender References, History of Testing, Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT), Sensitivity Review, Sex Bias, Test Construction, Test Content, Trend Analysis


This study creates a detailed history of the content of the SAT-verbal sections over the last two and a half decades and examines (1) changes over time in the content of the test and (2) trends over time in the balance of references to and representations of women and men within the content of the test. It covers the shifts in the content of the SAT-verbal sections and shows how the ETS Test Sensitivity Review Process guidelines (Hunter and Slaughter 1980) had a marked impact on the gender questions examined in this study. (37pp.)

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