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Negative Coefficients in the GRE Validity Study Service

Longford, Nicholas T.
Publication Year:
Report Number:
GREB-89-05P (1991), RR-91-26
ETS Research Report
Document Type:
Page Count:
Subject/Key Words:
Bayesian Statistics Graduate Record Examinations (GRE) Graduate Record Examinations Board Regression (Statistics) Statistical Analysis Test Validity Validity Studies Validity Study Service (VSS)


Operational procedures for the Graduate Record Examinations Validity Study Service (GREVSS) are reviewed, with the emphasis on the problem of frequent occurrence of negative coefficients in the fitted within- department regressions obtained by the empirical Bayes method of Braun and Jones (1985). Several alterations of the operational procedures are proposed that would reduce the frequency of negative coefficients, and, if desired, completely eliminate them. It is argued, however, that there are no a priori reasons for assuming that all the coefficients are nonnegative. Reports of the fitted within-department regressions should be based on a single model, that would be found by model exploration. The estimation procedures could be improved by employing more flexible software for modelling between-department variation.

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