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Sex Differences in SAT Predictions of College Grades SAT

Stricker, Lawrence J.; Rock, Donald A.; Burton, Nancy W.
Publication Year:
Report Number:
RR-91-38, CBR-91-02
ETS Research Report
Document Type:
Page Count:
Subject/Key Words:
College Board, Academic Achievement, College Entrance Examinations, Grade Prediction, Performance Factors, Predictive Validity, Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT), Sex Differences


This study examined the role that sex-related differences in the nature of the grade criterion and in variables associated with academic performance play in the over- and underprediction of college grades by the SAT when the test is used alone and in combination with high school grades. An entire freshman class at a large state university was studied. Women's GPA was underpredicted but only by a small amount. Adjusting the GPA for differences in grading standards for individual courses did not affect the underprediction, but controlling for sex differences in individual-difference variables concerned with academic preparation, studiousness, and attitudes about mathematics reduced or essentially eliminated it. (56pp.)

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