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Performance and Persistence: A Validity Study of the SAT for Students With Disabilities SAT

Ragosta, Marjorie; Braun, Henry; Kaplan, Bruce A.
Publication Year:
Report Number:
ETS Research Report
Document Type:
Page Count:
Subject/Key Words:
College Board, Academic Persistence, Disabilities, Grade Prediction, Performance Factors, Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT), Test Validity, Assessing People with Disabilities


This study was designed to test the validity of the Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT) in predicting overall performance and persistence in college of students with disabilities, especially those participating in special test administrations. An earlier validity study (Braun, Ragosta, and Kaplan, 1986) used first-year grade-point averages in college to study the validity issue. The current study returned to the schools that had originally provided data and obtained information on overall grade-point averages and graduation status. The study answered a number of questions about the usefulness of the SAT as a predictor of performance and persistence and concluded that the SAT does an adequate job. Overall grade-point averages of disabled and nondisabled students were rather accurately predicted, although there was some slight overprediction for students with learning disabilities whether they took the test during regular or special test administrations. Persistence in college was also quite well predicted except for hearing-impaired students from special test administrations. (27pp.)

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