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An Approach to Classifying Teachers According to Their Orientations to Teaching

Powers, Donald E.
Publication Year:
Report Number:
ETS Research Report
Document Type:
Page Count:
Subject/Key Words:
Classification, Models, Praxis Series, Teacher Characteristics, Teaching Methods, Teaching Styles


A small, representative sample of U.S. teachers was asked to indicate the extent to which their teaching corresponded to each of five orientations to ("models" of) teaching. Respondents were then clustered according to the similarity of their responses. Four categories emerged. A major perspective that distinguished the groups was whether or not they perceived their teaching as corresponding to an "additive model," i.e., an approach in which content coverage is emphasized. The clusters also differed with respect to subject matter taught and teachers' assessments of the importance of several teaching functions. (22pp.)

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