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The Effect of Computer-Based Tests on Racial/Ethnic, Gender, and Language Groups GREB CBT GRE GMAT SAT TOEFL

Gallagher, Ann M.; Bridgeman, Brent; Laitusis, Cara Cahalan
Publication Year:
Report Number:
RR-00-08, GREB-96-21P
ETS Research Report
Document Type:
Page Count:
Subject/Key Words:
Graduate Record Examinations Board, Computer-Based Testing (CBT), Race, Ethnicity, Gender, Group Differences, Language, General Test (GRE), Graduate Management Admission Test (GMAT), Scholastic Aptitude Test (SAT), Professional Assessment for Beginning Teachers, Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL), Praxis, Graduate Record Examination (GRE)


Analyses by gender within race/ethnicity revealed a similar pattern, though only for White females. Analyses for groups based on language showed no consistent patterns, but results indicate that the computer-based TOEFL has increased impact for some language groups-- especially Chinese and Korean groups.

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