skip to main content skip to footer

Overestimation of LPI Ratings for Native-Korean Speakers in the TOEIC Testing Context: Search for Explanation TOEIC

Wilson, Kenneth M.
Publication Year:
Report Number:
ETS Research Report
Document Type:
Page Count:
Subject/Key Words:
Test of English for International Communication (TOEIC), LPI Rating, Language Proficiency Interview, Multilevel Analysis, Native Speakers, Korean Speakers, Target Language Learning Rate


An indirect assessment of this hypothesis was undertaken in a series of exploratory analyses involving section- and total-score means for native-language groups on the familiar, three-part version of the Test of English as a Foreign LanguageTM (TOEFL). Findings were interpreted as being generally, albeit indirectly, supportive of the developmental lag hypothesis, as well as of working assumptions underlying introduction and analysis of TOEFL native-language reference group means as group analytic variables. Needed lines of inquiry are suggested.

Read More