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Comparability of TOEFL CBT Writing Prompts: Response Mode Analyses CBT TOEFL NAEP GMAT ESL

Author(s):
Breland, Hunter M.; Lee, Yong-Won; Muraki, Eiji
Publication Year:
2004
Report Number:
RR-04-23, TOEFL-RR-75
Source:
ETS Research Report
Document Type:
Report
Page Count:
39
Subject/Key Words:
Computer-Based Testing (CBT), Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL), Writing Assessment, Comparability Studies, Test Fairness, Logistic Regression Models, National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), Graduate Management Admission Test (GMAT), English as a Second Language (ESL)

Abstract

The difference favoring the handwritten response mode occurred for all of the writing prompts analyzed; however, the differences for individual writing prompts were small. This difference suggests a general effect for response mode.

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