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TOEIC/LPI Relationships in Academic and Employment Contexts in Thailand TOEIC ESL EFL

Wilson, Kenneth M.; Komarakul Na Nagara, Supalak; Woodhead, Robert
Publication Year:
Report Number:
ETS Research Report
Document Type:
Page Count:
Subject/Key Words:
Test of English for International Communication (TOEIC), Language Proficiency Interview, Gender Differences, Native Thai Speakers, English as a Second Language (ESL), English as a Foreign Language (EFL), Reading Comprehension


Observed relationships were relatively strong and positive in the total sample and within each of the subgroups studied. Observed coefficients were noticeably larger in subgroups of females than in corresponding subgroups of males and for a sample of university students than for examinees tested in places of employment. Means of observed LPI rating for the respective subgroups were consistent with expectations based on TOEIC scores. Further research is needed to assess the extent to which the subgroup findings may tend to be generalizable in the Center (Thailand) context or elsewhere.

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