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Mapping English Language Proficiency Test Scores Onto the Common European Framework TOEFL TSE TWE TOEIC

Tannenbaum, Richard J.; Wylie, E. Caroline
Publication Year:
Report Number:
ETS Research Report
Document Type:
Page Count:
Subject/Key Words:
Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL), English Language Tests, Standard Setting, Angoff Method, Benchmark Method, Common European Framework, Test of Spoken English (TSE), Test of Written English (TWE), Test of English for International Communication (TOEIC)


The Common European Framework describes language proficiency in reading, writing, speaking, and listening on a six-level scale. The Framework provides a common language with which to discuss students’ progress. This report describes a study conducted with two panels of English language experts to map scores from four tests that collectively assess Reading, Writing, Speaking, and Listening on to two levels of the Framework. Panel 1 recommended cut scores for the Test of English as a Foreign Language™ (TOEFL®), the Test of Spoken English™ (TSE®), and the Test of Written English™ (TWE®). Panel 2 recommended cut scores for The Test of English for International Communication™ (TOEIC®). A modification of the Angoff (1971) standard-setting approach was used for multiple-choice questions, and a benchmark method (Faggen, 1994) or examinee paper selection method (Hambleton, Jaeger, Plake, & Mills, 2000) was used for constructed-response questions.

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