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Transforming K-12 Assessment: Integrating Accountability Testing, Formative Assessment, and Professional Support CBT CBAL

Bennett, Randy Elliot; Gitomer, Drew H.
Publication Year:
Report Number:
ETS Research Memorandum
Document Type:
Page Count:
Subject/Key Words:
Accountability Assessment, Formative Assessment, Professional Development, Comprehensive Assessment Systems, Computer-Based Testing (CBT), Cognitively Based Assessment of, for, and as Learning (CBAL)


This paper presents a brief overview of the status of K-12 accountability testing in the United States. Following that review, we describe an assessment-system model designed to overcome the problems associated with current approaches to accountability testing. In particular, we propose a model in which accountability assessment, formative assessment, and professional support are built on the same conceptual base and work synergistically with one another. We close with a brief discussion of the role of technology and a review of the challenges that must be met if the highly ambitious system we suggest is to be realized.

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