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Mapping TOEFL ITP Scores Onto the Common European Framework of Reference CEFR TOEFL ITP

Tannenbaum, Richard J.; Baron, Patricia A.
Publication Year:
Report Number:
ETS Research Memorandum
Document Type:
Page Count:
Subject/Key Words:
Common European Framework of Reference (CEFR), Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL), Institutional Testing Program (ITP), Standard Setting, Cut Scores


This report documents a standard-setting study to map TOEFL ITP scores onto the Common European Framework of Reference (CEFR). The TOEFL ITP test measures students’ (older teens and adults) English-language proficiency in three areas: Listening Comprehension, Structure and Written Expression, and Reading Comprehension. This study focused on recommending the minimum scores needed to enter the A2, B1, and B2 levels of the CEFR. A variation of a modified Angoff standard-setting approach was implemented. Eighteen English-language educators from 14 countries served on the standard-setting panel. The results of this study provide policy makers with panel-recommended minimum scores (cut scores) needed to enter each of the three targeted CEFR levels.

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