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Understanding the Impact of Special Preparation for Admissions Tests ETS R&D Scientific and Policy Contributions Series SAT GRE

Powers, Donald E.
Publication Year:
Report Number:
RR-12-05, SPC-12-02
ETS Research Report
Document Type:
Page Count:
Subject/Key Words:
Coaching, Special Test Preparation, Test Preparation, Test Score Validity, Test Familiarization, SAT, Graduate Record Examination (GRE), General Test


Special preparation for tests has been a relatively contentious issue. The controversy has entailed (a) disagreement over the effectiveness of such preparation, (b) concern over unequal access to it, and (c) worries about its impact on the validity of test scores. This paper provides a brief history of ETS’s involvement with, and contribution to, sorting out the issues associated with test preparation.

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