skip to main content skip to footer

Validating TOEIC Bridge™ Scores Against Teacher Ratings for Vocational Students in China TOEIC

Powers, Donald E.; Mercadante, Regina; Yan, Fred
Publication Year:
Report Number:
ETS Research Memorandum
Document Type:
Page Count:
Subject/Key Words:
Test Score Validity, Language Testing, Teacher Ratings, Test of English for International Communication (TOEIC), TOEIC Bridge Test, China


This study was designed to provide additional evidence of the validity of TOEIC Bridge™ scores by examining their relationship to teacher ratings of students’ English language proficiency. To accomplish this, we obtained teacher ratings for a random sample of 613 students, stratified by TOEIC Bridge score, and drawn from more than 2,000 vocational students who had taken the TOEIC Bridge 3–4 months earlier. For this sample, teachers provided ratings of each student’s ability to perform a variety of everyday English language tasks (listening and reading). The results showed that the relationships between teacher ratings and TOEIC Bridge scores varied considerably among individual teachers. However, when aggregated over all teachers, the relationships were both practically and statistically significant.

Read More