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TOEFL Junior Design Framework ELL ESL EFL ELP EAP

So, Youngsoon; Wolf, Mikyung Kim; Hauck, Maurice Cogan; Mollaun, Pamela; Rybinski, Paul; Tumposky, Daniel L.; Wang, Lin
Publication Year:
Report Number:
ETS Research Report
Document Type:
Page Count:
Subject/Key Words:
English as a Second Language (ESL), TOEFL Junior, Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL), English as a Foreign Language (EFL), English Language Learners (ELL), Language Ability, English Language Proficiency, English for Academic Purposes (EAP), Test Specifications, Interpretive Argument


This paper presents the test purposes and intended uses, target population, target language use domains, and test constructs of the TOEFL Junior test. Also included is a description of the overall test structure and scoring system, which demonstrates how the constructs are operationalized. Finally, we outline research topics to support the interpretive argument of the use of the test. This document is expected to serve as a reference point during investigations of validity evidence to support the intended test uses over time.

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