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Mapping Scores From the TOEFL Junior Comprehensive Test Onto the Common European Framework of Reference (CEFR) CEFR TOEFL

Tannenbaum, Richard J.; Baron, Patricia A.
Publication Year:
Report Number:
ETS Research Memorandum
Document Type:
Page Count:
Subject/Key Words:
Common European Framework of Reference (CEFR), TOEFL Junior, Standard Setting, Cut Scores, Test of English as a Foreign Language (TOEFL)


The test consists of multiple-choice questions for reading and listening, and constructed-response tasks for writing and speaking. In this study, we focus on 3 levels of the CEFR (A2, B1, and B2). A variation of a Yes/No Angoff standard-setting approach was applied to the reading and listening sections, and a variation of a Performance Profile approach was applied to the writing and speaking sections. A total of 18 educators from 15 countries served on the standard-setting panel. The results of the study are minimum scores for each of the 4 test sections that are recommended for classifying test takers according to the levels of the CEFR.

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