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Eliciting Student Thinking: Definition, Research Support, and Measurement of the ETS National Observational Teaching Examination (NOTE) Assessment Series

Qi, Yi; Sykes, Gary
Publication Year:
Report Number:
ETS Research Memorandum
Document Type:
Page Count:
Subject/Key Words:
Avatars (Computer graphics) Educational Practices National Observational Teaching Examination (NOTE) Pedagogical Content Knowledge Simulation-Based Assessment Student Behavior Teacher Performance Assessment Teacher Student Relationship


This report describes and provides research and scholarly support for a core practice of teaching—eliciting student thinking (EST)—that is the target for a performance assessment contributing 1 component of the ETS National Observational Teaching Examination (NOTE) assessment series. The purpose of this report is to review the evidence supporting the importance of this practice for teaching, including how it has been conceptualized, studied, and represented in consensus literature on teaching. Then, the report describes the EST performance assessment together with the rationale for its design.

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