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An Evaluation of the Usefulness of Prosodic and Lexical Cues for Understanding Synthesized Speech of Mathematics STEM

Frankel, Lois; Brownstein, Beth
Publication Year:
Report Number:
ETS Research Report
Document Type:
Page Count:
Subject/Key Words:
Accessibility, Blindness, Visual Impairment, Computer-Synthesized Text-to-Speech, Mathematical Markup Language (MathML), Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM), Assistive Technologies, Audio Response System, Secondary Education, ClearSpeak, MathPlayer, Student Success, Prosody, Algebra, Mathematics


The primary parameters evaluated are students' success in drawing conclusions about the content and structure of certain math expressions and their perceptions regarding the helpfulness of the pace and wording of different text-to-speech renditions of the same or similar mathematical expressions. Please see Appendix A for information on obtaining a version of this report that is fully accessible using the tools described.

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