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Mapping the Redesigned TOEIC Bridge Test Scores to Proficiency Levels of the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages

Schmidgall, Jonathan
Publication Year:
Report Number:
ETS Research Memorandum
Document Type:
Page Count:
Subject/Key Words:
Adult Education Common European Framework of Reference (CEFR) English Learners (EL) Just Qualified Candidate (JQC) Listening Listening Comprehension Proficiency Level Definitions Reading Reading Comprehension Score Interpretation Score Mapping Speaking Speaking Assessments Standard Setting Test Scores TOEIC Bridge Test Validation Writing Writing Assessment


The redesigned TOEIC Bridge tests are designed to measure the reading, listening, speaking, and writing proficiency of beginning to low-intermediate English learners in the context of everyday adult life. This report describes the comprehensive and multifaceted process used to enhance the meaningfulness of TOEIC Bridge test score interpretations by mapping them to Levels Pre-A1, A1, A2, and B1 of the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR). The process adhered to best practices in educational measurement for mapping test scores to standards and closely followed the procedure recommended by the Council of Europe’s manual for relating examinations to the CEFR, elaborating claims and evidence as they pertain to familiarization, specification, standard setting, and validation.

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