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Mapping the Redesigned TOEIC Bridge Test Scores to Proficiency Levels of the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages CEFR TOEIC JQC EL

Schmidgall, Jonathan
Publication Year:
Report Number:
ETS Research Memorandum
Document Type:
Page Count:
Subject/Key Words:
TOEIC Bridge Test, Common European Framework of Reference (CEFR), Test Scores, Proficiency Level Definitions, Score Mapping, Standard Setting, Validation, Score Interpretation, Adult Education, Reading Comprehension, Reading, Speaking, Speaking Assessments, Listening, Listening Comprehension, Writing, Writing Assessment, Just Qualified Candidate (JQC), English Learners (EL)


The redesigned TOEIC Bridge tests are designed to measure the reading, listening, speaking, and writing proficiency of beginning to low-intermediate English learners in the context of everyday adult life. This report describes the comprehensive and multifaceted process used to enhance the meaningfulness of TOEIC Bridge test score interpretations by mapping them to Levels Pre-A1, A1, A2, and B1 of the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR). The process adhered to best practices in educational measurement for mapping test scores to standards and closely followed the procedure recommended by the Council of Europe’s manual for relating examinations to the CEFR, elaborating claims and evidence as they pertain to familiarization, specification, standard setting, and validation.

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