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Evaluating the New TOEFL ITP Speaking Test: Insights From Field Test Takers TOEFL ITP TOEFL iBT TOEFL ETS

Lee, Shinhye
Publication Year:
Report Number:
RR-22-10, TOEFL-RR-99
ETS Research Report
Document Type:
Page Count:
Subject/Key Words:
TOEFL ITP, Test-Taker Performance, Validation, Perception, Feedback, Task Design, Testing Environment, Nonnative Learners of English, Speaking Tasks, Field Testing


In response to the calls for making key stakeholders’ perspectives relevant in the test validation process, the study discussed in this report sought test-taker feedback as part of collecting validity evidence and supporting the ongoing field testing efforts of the new TOEFL ITP Speaking section. Specifically, I aimed to investigate the extent to which test takers’ perceptions of the newly proposed ITP test tasks are in agreement with the intended characteristics and qualities of the tasks. In addition, I opted to gather insights into whether the speaking tasks are perceived as acceptable by its prospective test takers and also to identify any unwarranted challenges posed for them in completing the tasks. A two-part questionnaire was thus administered during field testing of the new speaking section, and resulting data were analyzed both quantitatively and qualitatively. Findings emerging from the questionnaire data suggest that test-taker perceptions can be used to provide support to corroborate the intended (or hypothesized) properties of the tasks, while pointing to several areas for further monitoring and improvement.

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