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The Promise and Peril for Universities Using Correlates of Race in Admissions in Response to the Grutter and Fisher Decisions

Long, Mark
Publication Year:
ETS White Paper
Document Type:
White Paper
Page Count:
Subject/Key Words:
Admission Process, College Admission, Race, Ethnicity, Diversity, Fisher Decision, Grutter Decision


This paper examines using correlated indicators for a student’s race, rather than using the student’s actual race, in admission decisions for universities. The goal is to determine whether this method will permit universities to broaden admissions criteria to promote diversity without using race or ethnicity. Also addressed in this paper is whether the use of correlates of race is workable and race neutral from a legal, political, and university perspective.

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