Alternate Forms Test-Retest Reliability and Test Score Changes for the TOEIC® Speaking and Writing Tests

Liao, Chi-wen Qu, Yanxuan
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validity English language profiency writing skills speaking skills test-taker performance self-assessment English as a foreign language EFL English as a second language (ESL) English language skills reliability alternate forms


The alternate form test-retest reliability coefficients estimated for the TOEIC® Speaking and Writing tests from this study are considered reasonably high and acceptable for their intended purposes. Factors such as the reduction of score range and homogeneity of groups, however, should always be considered when trying to interpret and use the data. This paper is part of the Research Foundation for TOEIC: A Compendium of Studies, published by ETS in 2010.

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