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Skills and Earnings in the Full-Time Labor Market
Neeta Fogg, Paul Harrington, and Ishwar Khatiwada

Appendix E: Findings from Full Regression Model 6 (Sets A, B, C, and D)

Table E-1: Percent Change in Expected Monthly Earnings from One-Unit Increase In Predictor Variables in Full Regression Models for 25- to 54-Year-Old Full-Time Employed Workers

Explanatory Variables

(A)

Set A-Full Model 6: Standardized Literacy Proficiency Score

(B)

Set B-Full Model 6: With Standardized Numeracy Proficiency Score

(C)

Set C-Full Model 6: With Literacy Proficiency Levels

(D)

Set D-Full Model 6: With Numeracy Proficiency Levels

Source: 2012 and 2014 PIAAC surveys, restricted use files, tabulations by authors.

Standardized proficiency Score (Plausible Values or PVs)

PVLiteracy or PVNumeracy

8.4 8.3 --- ---

Proficiency levels (base group is Level 2)

Level 1

--- --- -3.8 -4.8

Level 3

--- --- 6.8 8.0

Levels 4/5

--- --- 21.0 21.8

Educational attainment (base group is high school graduates)

No H.S. Diploma

-15.6 -16.1 -17.5 -17.5

Some College

0.7 0.7 1.3 1.2

Certification

1.9 1.3 2.6 1.8

Associate's Degree

6.2 5.8 6.8 6.3

Bachelor's Degree

30.0 28.9 30.5 28.9

Master's Degree

44.9 43.5 45.2 43.0

Professional Degree

60.3 59.7 60.5 59.4

Doctorate Degree

56.5 54.8 56.0 53.0

Years of work experience (continuous variable, range: 0-47)

Experience

3.1 3.3 3.3 3.3

Experience squared

-0.1 -0.1 -0.1 -0.1

English writing ability (base group is English writing ability "well")

Very well

0.1 0.7 0.4 0.8

Not well or not at all

-8.2 -8.8 -11.2 -11.0

Economic sector of employment (base group is for-profit private sector)

Nonprofit sector

-10.6 -10.9 -10.7 -10.7

Public sector

-5.1 -4.6 -5.0 -4.5

Occupation (base group is skilled occupations)

Semi-skilled white-collar occupations

-26.6 -26.8 -26.6 -26.9

Semi-skilled blue-collar occupations

-23.0 -23.7 -22.7 -23.2

Elementary occupations

-35.1 -35.7 -35.3 -35.5

Occupations missing

-11.3 -12.5 -11.1 -12.3

School enrollment status (base group is not enrolled in school)

Enrolled in school

-8.6 -8.9 -8.3 -8.8

Weekly hours of work (continuous variable, range: 35-60)

Weekly hours

1.8 1.7 1.8 1.8

Region of residence (base group is South region)

Northeast

10.6 10.7 10.6 10.6

Midwest

5.1 5.2 5.1 5.1

West

12.6 12.6 12.6 12.6

Gender (base group is female)

Male

27.4 25.4 27.3 24.7

Race-Ethnicity (base group is White)

Hispanic

-3.6 -3.3 -4.1 -3.6

Black

-1.7 -0.1 -2.3 -0.8

Asian, Pacific Islander

7.6 7.3 7.7 7.7

Other Race

-0.9 -0.2 -0.8 0.0

Nativity status (base group is native-born)

Foreign-Born

0.3 -0.9 -0.3 -1.4

Disability status (base group is workers without disabilities)

With disability

-8.1 -8.5 -8.5 -8.7

R-Squared

0.500 0.500 0.501 0.502