ETS has published dozens of policy reports related to growing inequality of opportunity in the United States, factors that contribute to this inequality and issues that could undermine the fabric of our society. Highlights include:
Retooling Literacy Education for the Twenty-First Century: Key Findings of the Reading for Understanding Initiative and Their Implications (2018)
This report from ETS, working with the Council of Chief State School Officers (CCSSO®), frames the need for a focused, national effort to achieve universal, advanced reading literacy, arguing it is an issue of equity as well as individual and national prosperity.
- View the eReport for Retooling Literacy Education for the Twenty-First Century: Key Findings of the Reading for Understanding Initiative and Their Implications
- Download Retooling Literacy Education for the Twenty-First Century: Key Findings of the Reading for Understanding Initiative and Their Implications | File size: 1.8 MB
- Read the CCSSO Policy Brief
Too Big to Fail: Millennials on the Margins (2018)
This important new paper expands traditional understandings of "disconnected youth" — young adults who are not attached to educational institutions or the labor market — by including cognitive skills in the conception of what it means to be "disconnected."
America's Skills Challenge: Millennials and the Future (2015)
The authors of this report argue that there is an apparent paradox for U.S. millennials: While they may be on track to be our most educated generation ever, they consistently score below many of their international peers in literacy, numeracy and problem-solving in technology-rich environments.
Understanding the Basic Reading Skills of U.S. Adults: Reading Components in the PIAAC Literacy Survey
John Sabatini, 2015
This report looks at recent research on the troubling portrait of the literacy skills of U.S. adults and argues that, as a country, we must develop a comprehensive and sustained effort to improve in this area if we are to protect and enhance our communities, our economy and our democracy.
Poverty and Education: Finding the Way Forward
R. Coley & B. Baker, 2013
This report reviews the relationship between poverty and education and offers information on the measurement of policy and how the government attempts to address it.
Fault Lines in Our Democracy: Civic Knowledge, Voting Behavior, and Civic Engagement in the United States
R. Coley & A. Sum, 2012
This report examines challenges facing our nation and asserts that solutions need to come from those who are educated, skilled and civically engaged and who believe in our democratic system.
Parsing the Achievement Gap II
P. E. Barton & R. Coley, 2009
This report tracks 16 factors related to academic performance, ranging from low birth weight to teacher quality. While some gaps have narrowed, other have widened.
Windows on Achievement and Inequality
P. E. Barton & R. Coley, 2008
This report provides a panoramic view of educational achievement by examining a variety of data and measures beyond those that are typically reported.
The Family: America’s Smallest School
P. E. Barton & R. Coley, 2007
This report outlines the family and home conditions affecting children’s cognitive development and school achievement and how gaps beginning early persist throughout life.
America’s Perfect Storm: Three Forces Changing Our Nation’s Future
I. Kirsch, H. Braun, K. Yamamoto, & A. Sum, 2007
This report looks at the convergence of three powerful forces that are changing the nation’s future: substantial disparities in skill levels, seismic economic changes and sweeping demographic shifts.
Visit ETS’s ReSEARCHER database to find more publications.