About the Authors
Richard J. Coley
Richard J. Coley is the former Executive Director of the ETS Center for Research on Human Capital and Education and the ETS Policy Information Center. His recent work has focused on the achievement gap and the factors that are associated with the gap, as well as on documenting and analyzing national trends in student performance and attainment. Coley has been involved in studies of federal, state and local education policy issues, including studies of school finance and governance, teacher education and certification, educational standards, tracking, education indicators, and education reform. Coley's most recent publications include Poverty and Education: Finding the Way Forward; Fault Lines in Our Democracy: Civic Knowledge, Voting Behavior, and Civic Engagement in the United States; State Pre-K Assessment Policies: Issues and Status; The Mission of the High School: A New Consensus of the Purposes of Public Education?; The Black-White Achievement Gap: When Progress Stopped; Parsing the Achievement Gap; and The Family: America's Smallest School.
Madeline J. Goodman
Madeline J. Goodman works as a researcher and author for the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) at ETS. Since joining the company, Goodman has served as coordinator for the NAEP social science assessments and director for the NAEP website. Goodman has written numerous national, state, district and special reports based on NAEP data. Her other work includes the 2012 report on the Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies and research on online learning and assessment in the social sciences. Goodman received a Ph.D. in U.S. history from Carnegie Mellon University and is the recipient of a Spencer Fellowship for research on improvement in education and a Fulbright Award.
Anita M. Sands
Anita M. Sands works with the Center for Global Assessment at ETS, where she serves as a researcher and project manager for the Opportunity in America initiative. Sands has worked on issues related to economic opportunity, poverty and segregation for more than two decades. Prior to joining ETS in 2011, Sands taught in the Department of Sociology at Rider University and owned and operated a consulting firm where she directed and/or served as the principal investigator for numerous projects related to racial and economic segregation, poverty and land-use policy. Her published research covers racial and economic segregation, concentrated poverty, research methodology and program evaluation.