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The TOEFL Junior® Tests

Building English-language confidence

Select a topic below to learn more about TOEFL Junior® Tests.


TOEFL Junior Standard: Language Form and Meaning Sample Questions

The Language Form and Meaning section measures your ability to demonstrate proficiency in key language skills such as grammar and vocabulary in context.

Read each sentence and select the appropriate word or phrase to form a complete sentence. 

You can record your answers on the TOEFL Junior Answer Sheet (PDF) or a sheet of blank paper.

You can check your answers using the answer key at the bottom of this page.

Sample: Language Form and Meaning questions

Questions 1–4 refer to the following email.

Hi, Linda!

Thanks for your last e-mail! I know you like art, just like I do, so I wanted

    1. tell
    2. told
    3. to tell
    4. telling

you about the special trip my class went on last week. We took a bus into the city and spent two hours at the art museum, 

    1. if there was
    2. that there was
    3. which we had
    4. where we had

our own tour guide. The guide told us about the different artists and gave us the history of some of the paintings.

    1. When
    2. Rather
    3. During
    4. Whether

I have more time, I will send you another e-mail with some of the photos I took that day. I took a lot of them! If your family comes to

    1. ask
    2. visit
    3. look
    4. return

us this year, we can go to the art museum together.

Your cousin,

Questions 5–12 refer to the following magazine article.

Located in central Africa,

    1. Lake Victoria is
    2. and Lake Victoria is
    3. Lake Victoria's being
    4. although Lake Victoria is

a very unusual lake.

    1. It not only one is
    2. Is it one not only
    3. One is it only not
    4. Not only is it one

of the largest lakes in the world; it is also one of the youngest.

Estimated to be about 15,000 years old, it is a relative baby compared with Earth’s other very large lakes, 

    1. are
    2. they are
    3. which being
    4. which can be

more than two million years old. Yet judging by the variety of life in it, Lake Victoria 

    1. resembles
    2. portrays

a much older body of water. Usually, lakes need a much longer time 

    1. is populated
    2. they are populated
    3. to become populated
    4. becoming populating

by a diverse array of life-forms.

    1. Is
    2. It is
    3. Being
    4. Because it is

common for new lakes to contain only a small number of species. Lake Victoria, however, is 

    1. opened
    2. packed
    3. satisfied
    4. purchased

with colorful fish, most notably, cichlids. There are

    1. many
    2. as many
    3. too many
    4. as many as

500 different species of just this one type of fish.

  1. C
  2. D
  3. A
  4. B
  5. A
  6. D
  7. D
  8. A
  9. C
  10. B
  11. B
  12. D