The TOEFL Primary® Tests
Learning English starts here
Select a topic below to learn more about the TOEFL Primary® Tests.
Detailed and comprehensive, score reports highlight what students have accomplished as English-language learners and where they are ready to improve. And fast score turnaround time helps you in planning instruction.
Score reports feature a variety of information, including:
The TOEFL Primary® Reading and Listening Test Steps 1 and 2 are scored locally by ETS Preferred Network offices. Scores are determined by the number of questions a student has answered correctly — there’s no penalty for wrong answers. Score reports provide:
For more information about TOEFL Reading and Listening Tests scoring and reporting, download:
The TOEFL Primary Speaking test is scored at ETS by human raters. Please refer to the TOEFL Primary Speaking Scoring Guide (PDF) for a better understanding of the scoring methodology. Score reports provide:
For more information about scoring and reporting for the TOEFL Primary Speaking Test, download:
The Common European Framework of Reference (CEFR) is a standard used by educators worldwide to measure the language proficiency of nonnative English speakers. TOEFL Primary scores are mapped to CEFR levels so you will know about your students' abilities in relation to a widely accepted international standard. To learn more, download:
TOEFL Primary reading scores are also matched to MetaMetrics® Lexile® measures. Based on a developmental scale for measuring both readers and texts, Lexile measures help students, teachers and parents select the material appropriate for a particular student's English reading ability.
Browse the ever-growing Lexile Book Database and find the right books for your students.
Due to rapid development of English proficiency by younger learners, ETS recommends that scores not be used beyond 1 year. Scores can be considered valid beyond 1 year if the student has provided evidence of having maintained the same level of English-language learning.
See the TOEFL Primary and TOEFL Junior Tests Score Data Summary (PDF) for findings on the performance of examinees who took the tests for 2016–2018.