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Score Interpretation

What are TOEFL iBT® test takers at different score levels able to do? Through standard setting studies, researchers are able to offer guidelines for the inferences that score users can make about TOEFL® test takers. Such efforts to support appropriate score interpretation are part of the TOEFL iBT program of research.

Featured Publications

These are some publications related to the interpretation of TOEFL iBT scores:

The Association Between TOEFL iBT® Test Scores and the Common European Framework of Reference (CEFR) Levels
S. Papageorgiou, R. J. Tannenbaum, B. Bridgeman, & Y. Cho (2015)
Research Memorandum No. RM-15-06

Developing Analytic Rating Guides for TOEFL iBT® Integrated Speaking Tasks
J. Jamieson & K. Poonpon (2013)
TOEFL iBT Report No. iBT-20

Investigating the Value of TOEFL iBT® Section Scores
Y. Sawaki & S. Sinharay (2013)
TOEFL iBT Report No. iBT-21

Linking English-Language Test Scores Onto the Common European Framework of Reference: An Application of Standard-Setting Methodology
R. J. Tannenbaum & E. C. Wylie (2008)
TOEFL iBT Report No. iBT-06

Investigating the Criterion-Related Validity of the TOEFL® Speaking Scores for ITA Screening and Setting Standards for ITAs
X. Xi (2008)
TOEFL iBT Report No. iBT-03

TOEFL® Academic Speaking Test: Setting a Cut Score for International Teaching Assistants
E. C. Wylie & R. J. Tannenbaum (2006)
ETS Research Memorandum No. RM-06-01