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TOEFL iBT® Test Structure

The TOEFL iBT® test measures all 4 academic skills — Reading, Listening, Speaking, and Writing. Here is a closer look at how the test, including the Home Edition and Paper Edition, is structured, administered and scored.

Total Time

3 hours

Reading Section

  • 3–4 passages, each 700 words
    • multiple-focus passages (compare/contrast, cause/effect)
    • 10 questions for each passage
  • Time: 54–72 minutes
  • Score scale: 0–30

Listening Section

  • 3–4 lectures, some with classroom discussion, each 3–5 minutes, 6 questions each
  • 2–3 conversations, each 3 minutes, 5 questions each
  • Time: 41–57 minutes
  • Score scale: 0–30

Speaking Section

  • 4 tasks
    • 1 independent task to express an opinion on a familiar topic
    • 3 integrated tasks based on what is read and heard
    • Up to 30 seconds to prepare the response, up to 1 minute to respond
  • Time: 17 minutes
  • Score scale: 0–30

Writing Section

  • 2 tasks:
    • 1 20-minute integrated task based on what is read and heard
    • 1 30-minute independent task to support an opinion on a topic
  • Time: 50 minutes
  • Score scale: 0–30


  • The total score possible is 0–120.
  • Responses from the Speaking and Writing* sections are scored by a combination of AI scoring and ETS-certified raters.
  • Score delivery time varies depending on how the test taker took the test and how score recipients receive scores.
  • See Scores.


  • TOEFL iBT test: taken on a computer, via the internet, at an authorized test center.
  • TOEFL iBT® Home Edition: test on a computer, via the internet at home, monitored by a live human proctor.
  • TOEFL iBT® Paper Edition: taken in 2 sessions — Reading, Listening, and Writing on paper at a test center, and Speaking on a computer via the internet at home.

* The Writing section of the TOEFL iBT Paper Edition only uses human scoring.