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Understanding Your TOEFL iBT® Scores

What Do Your Scores Mean?

You will receive 4 scaled section scores and a total score.

  • Each section has a score range of 0–30.
  • These are added together for a total score of 0–120.

Each skill has 4 or 5 proficiency levels, so where your score falls within that range tells you your proficiency for that skill.

SkillLevel
Reading Advanced (24–30)
High-Intermediate (18–23)
Low-Intermediate (4–17)
Below Low-Intermediate (0–3)
Listening Advanced (22–30)
High-Intermediate (17–21)
Low-Intermediate (9–16)
Below Low-Intermediate (0–8)
Speaking Advanced (25–30)
High-Intermediate (20–24)
Low-Intermediate (16–19)
Basic (10–15)
Below Basic (0–9)
Writing Advanced (24–30)
High-Intermediate (17–23)
Low-Intermediate (13–16)
Basic (7–12)
Below Basic (0–6)

For more information, see Performance Descriptors for the TOEFL iBT® test.

Did You Pass?

There are no passing or failing scores set by the TOEFL Program or ETS. Each institution or agency sets its own score requirements. For more information about how your scores will be used or interpreted, contact the institution or agency directly.

What Are MyBest Scores?

MyBest scores, also referred to as superscores, offer you a way to show your best overall performance by combining your highest section scores from all test dates within the last 2 years. This can help you to achieve your goals sooner, since it means you may be able to meet score requirements for your institution with fewer tests.

All TOEFL iBT score reports sent after August 1, 2019, show both your traditional scores from your selected test date and your MyBest scores, like this:

This image shows a single student test score where scores for reading, listening, speaking, writing and a total score are shown on the left, and the right image is showing the test takers MyBest score for each section from all of their valid TOEFL scores in the last 2 years.

An increasing number of universities and other institutions accept MyBest scores. We recommend that you check with institutions directly to confirm their TOEFL score requirements.

How Is the Test Scored?

TOEFL tests are only scored by a centralized scoring network, never at the test center. The Reading and Listening sections are scored by computer. The Speaking and Writing sections are scored by a combination of automated AI scoring and multiple, highly trained human raters to:

  • offer a complete and accurate picture of your ability
  • minimize the rater bias that can occur with face-to-face interviews
  • ensure consistency and the highest quality