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Common European Framework of Reference (CEFR)

TOEFL Junior® scores are mapped to the CEFR so you can use them for international benchmarking of your students' English proficiency levels.

The CEFR is a widely-used tool for understanding different stages of language learning. It covers 6 proficiency levels: A1, A2, B1, B2, C1 and C2, with C2 being the highest level. The performance descriptors for each section of the TOEFL Junior tests are adapted from the CEFR level descriptors to reflect the TOEFL Junior test content and the age range of the test takers. The TOEFL Junior® Standard scores cover 4 proficiency levels.

Section Score Levels

The table below shows the TOEFL Junior Standard scores for the Listening Comprehension, Language Form and Meaning, and Reading Comprehension sections mapped to their respective CEFR levels. The possible CEFR levels are Below A2 (a score less than the minimum needed to enter A2 — e.g., for Reading Comprehension that is under 210), A2, B1 and B2.

The revised recommended TOEFL Junior Standard cut scores for CEFR Levels A2, B1 and B2 are shown below (for explanation on TOEFL Junior Standard cut scores revision, see CEFR Mapping Studies section below):

Sections CEFR Level Below A2 CEFR Level A2 CEFR Level B1 CEFR Level B2
Listening Comprehension Under 225 225–245 250–285 290–300
Language Form and Meaning Under 210 210–245 250–275 280–300
Reading Comprehension Under 210 210–240 245–275 280–300

CEFR Mapping Studies

In 2010, a standard-setting study was conducted by ETS researchers to map TOEFL Junior Standard test scores to the CEFR. The purpose of the study was to provide policymakers with recommended minimum scale scores (cut scores) for the Listening Comprehension, Language Form and Meaning, and Reading Comprehension sections. As a result of additional research, the TOEFL Junior Standard cut scores for CEFR levels A2, B1 and B2 were revised in October 2012. Research for recommended minimum scores for the TOEFL Junior® Speaking test also was conducted in 2012.