- What are the TOEFL Primary® tests?
The TOEFL Primary tests are assessments from ETS that help you shape young students' English-language instruction in a way you never could before. They are designed for students ages 8+ and measure the English skills that provide a foundation for students' future success. Learn more about the TOEFL Primary tests.
- Who uses the tests, and how do they use them?
- The TOEFL Primary tests can be used to monitor student progress over time and, if appropriate, to place students in levels of English instruction. Learn about the various ways that teachers, parents and students use the TOEFL Primary tests.
- What is the format of the tests?
- Reading and Listening test — Step 1: paper or digitally delivered
- Reading and Listening test — Step 2: paper or digitally delivered
- Speaking test: digitally delivered
- Available on the following digital platforms: Windows® PC, Mac®, iPad® and Chromebook™
- What skills do the tests measure?
The TOEFL Primary program offers 3 tests that measure a range of skills.
- The Reading and Listening tests (Step 1 and Step 2) assess students' knowledge, skills and abilities to fulfill core communication goals in English.
- The Speaking test measures English-language speaking proficiency.
Learn more about test content.
- How are the tests administered?
The TOEFL Primary® Reading and Listening tests — Step 1 and Step 2 — offer institutional testing so that schools can administer the tests to their own students. The TOEFL Primary® Speaking test is given during fixed administration periods.
- How do I know which TOEFL Primary test is right for my students?
- The Reading and Listening test — Step 1 is intended for students in the earlier stages of English language learning.
- The Reading and Listening test — Step 2 is intended for students who have acquired some communicative English skills.
- The Speaking Test is intended for all Reading and Listening test takers.
For help deciding which test is right for your students, learn more about the test content.
- How are the TOEFL Primary tests scored?
Both TOEFL Primary Reading and Listening tests are scored locally by ETS Preferred Network offices and feature fast turnaround times. The TOEFL Primary Speaking test is scored at ETS by ETS-trained raters.
TOEFL Primary Reading and Listening test — Step 1 scores are determined by the number of questions a student has answered correctly. There is no penalty for wrong answers. The number of correct responses in each section is converted to a level of 1–4 Stars and a scale score of 101–109.
TOEFL Primary Reading and Listening test — Step 2 scores are determined by the number of questions a student has answered correctly. There is no penalty for wrong answers. The number of correct responses in each section is converted to a level of 1–5 Badges and a scale score of 104–115. Some students may receive 1 badge and a scale score of 100, and these students are recommended to take the Step 1 test for better information about their proficiencies in English reading and listening.
The TOEFL Primary Speaking test is scored by ETS-trained raters. On the TOEFL Primary Speaking test, students can earn levels of 1–5 Ribbons. Scores of 0–27 are also reported to show progress within a level.
- How do I order the tests?
Currently, the TOEFL Primary tests are available in more than 47 countries and are being introduced in various locations around the world. Be sure to check back often to see if the tests are available in your area.
If you have any questions or want to learn more, please email ETS at email@example.com.
- What research is in progress on the TOEFL Primary tests?
Like all tests in the TOEFL® Family of Assessments, the TOEFL Primary tests are based on thorough research to ensure their validity and reliability, and they reflect best practices in language testing.
Learn more about ongoing TOEFL Primary research.