TOEFL® Primary Speaking Test Level Proficiency Descriptors

Speaking

LevelAbilities
5 Out of 5 Ribbons
5 Out of 5 Ribbons
Students speak in English to expand descriptions, communicate multistep directions and tell stories effectively. They successfully ask questions and make simple requests.
They can:
  • Use a wide range of vocabulary and grammatical structures effectively
  • Include relevant details to expand descriptions, give directions and tell stories
  • Include structures such as connecting words and phrases that make directions and stories easy to follow
  • Form questions and requests appropriately and use intonation to communicate meaning
  • Speak fluidly with few errors in pronunciation or intonation
4 Out of 5 Ribbons
4 Out of 5 Ribbons
Students speak in English to express and explain what they like and give directions. They begin to expand their descriptions of things and events.
They can:
  • Use appropriate word choices
  • Use complete statements to communicate ideas
  • Use appropriate grammatical structures
  • Begin to form questions and requests
  • Speak clearly with few errors in pronunciation or intonation
3 Out of 5 Ribbons
3 Out of 5 Ribbons
Students speak in English to say what they like and give some descriptions. They begin to ask questions and tell stories.
They can:
  • Use words and phrases to communicate meaning
  • Use a limited number of grammatical structures to describe objects and actions
  • Begin to form questions and requests
  • Begin to communicate a sequence of events
  • Pronounce words and statements clearly most of the time
2 Out of 5 Ribbons
2 Out of 5 Ribbons
Students begin to speak in English using words and simple statements. They begin to say what they like and give some descriptions.
They can:
  • Say some common words in familiar categories, such as home, school, family, colors, animals and actions
  • Communicate meaning in short, simple statements (examples: The tiger is big. The zoo has two birds.)
  • Pronounce words and phrases clearly but slowly some of the time
1 Out of 5 Ribbons
1 Out of 5 Ribbons
Students attempt to speak in English using words and simple phrases.
They may be able to:
  • Say some common words in familiar categories such as home, school, family, colors, animals and actions
  • Say simple phrases
0 Out of 5 Ribbons

The student did not respond to the test tasks or did not respond in English.

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