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Creative Ability and Risk Taking in Elementary School Children NICHD

Kogan, Nathan; Pankove, Ethel
Publication Year:
Report Number:
ETS Research Bulletin
Document Type:
Page Count:
Subject/Key Words:
National Institute for Child Health and Human Development (NICHD), Office of Education, Creativity, Elementary School Students, Intelligence, Males, Risk


The present study explored the interrelationships among selected measures of creativity, intelligence, and risk taking in a sample of fifth-grade children. Significant relationships were obtained for boys between number of associates generated to creativity tasks administered under game-like conditions and preferred level of risk taking on a shuffleboard task. An IQ index, unrelated to creative ability, showed a marginal association with risk taking. Interpretation of the creativity-risk taking relationship stressed the importance of self-confidence as a mediating link. Consistent with that interpretation, the foregoing relationship was not found in high defensive boys but was significant and quite substantial in low defensive boys.

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