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Information in Wrong Responses NICHD CPM

Jacobs, Paul I.; Vandeventer, Mary
Publication Year:
Report Number:
ETS Research Bulletin
Document Type:
Page Count:
Subject/Key Words:
National Institute for Child Health and Human Development (NICHD), Raven's Coloured Progressive Matrices, Error Analysis (Language), Responses, Scoring, Test Reliability


Under some circumstances the wrong responses a subject makes on a test may contain important information. In this study, the notion of facet design provided a systematic method for a priori ordering of the distractors on the Coloured Progressive Matrices test as to degree of correctness. A score based on type of distractor chosen was shown to have a moderate degree of test-retest reliability, concurrent and predictive validity, and cross-cultural applicability. The results suggest a re-examination of Sigel's finding that type of error and total score were unrelated.

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