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Estimation of True Score and Error Variance for Tests Under Various Equivalence Assumptions

Kristof, Walter
Publication Year:
Report Number:
ETS Research Bulletin
Document Type:
Page Count:
Subject/Key Words:
Error of Measurement, Maximum Likelihood Statistics, Newton-Raphson Method, Scoring, Statistical Analysis


Maximum-likelihood estimators of true score variance and error variance for mental tests are derived under six different hypotheses of equivalent measurements. Statistical properties of the estimators are examined. Main emphasis is placed upon essentially tax-equivalent measurements. A statistical criterion for this type of measurement is given. The solution of the comparatively simple maximum-likelihood equations is effected by means of a rapid Newton-Raphson procedure. Two different initial estimators are considered and their relative merits in terms of second moments evaluated. Four numerical examples are appended by way of illustration.

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