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Item-Race Interaction on a Test of Scholastic Aptitude

Angoff, William H.; Ford, Susan
Publication Year:
Report Number:
ETS Research Bulletin
Document Type:
Page Count:
Subject/Key Words:
Test Bias, Rural Urban Differences, Item Analysis, Aptitude Tests, Racial Differences


Several samples of Black and White students were drawn from the 1970 PSAT administration in Georgia and studied for item x race interaction on both the verbal and mathematical sections of the test. When subsamples of candidates were drawn from their respective racial groups, matched on mathematical for the study of verbal items and matched on verbal for the study of mathematical items, there was an observable decrease in the size of the item x race interaction, suggesting that one factor contributing to that interaction was simply the difference in performance levels on the test shown by the two races. Further analyses demonstrated a moderate item x group interaction for Blacks native to different cities and a moderate item x group interaction for Blacks native to areas of different population density. (Author) (26pp.)

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