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Sex Bias in Selection

Dwyer, Carol A.; Wild, Cheryl L.
Publication Year:
Report Number:
ETS Research Memorandum
Document Type:
Page Count:
Subject/Key Words:
Admission Criteria, Higher Education, Models, Prediction, Sex Discrimination, Test Bias


The authors summarize existing research on sex bias in selection, discuss the validity and shortcomings of the traditional criterion—grade point average-- and present a model and examples to evaluate selection processes, including predictors and criteria. The assumption of an unbiased criterion used in previous selection models is challenged. The proposed model includes evaluation in terms of both psychometric and value definitions of bias, as well as evaluation of predictor and criterion sufficiency, appropriateness, and subgroup reliability. Recommendations are made to help insure that selection processes will reflect program goals, will be fair to individuals, and will be open to discussion and reevaluation by groups.

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