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A Multivariate Perspective on Contingency Table Analysis

Zwick, Rebecca J.; Cramer, Elliot M.
Publication Year:
Report Number:
ETS Research Report
Document Type:
Page Count:
Subject/Key Words:
Correlation, Multivariate Analysis, Statistical Analysis


Psychological research often involves analysis of an I x J contingency table consisting of the responses of J groups of individuals on a criterion variable with I nominal categories. The conventional statistical approach for comparing responses across groups is the Pearson chi-square test. Alternatively, this analysis can be viewed as a multivariate analysis of variance with binary dependent variables, a canonical correlation analysis with two sets of binary variables, or a form of correspondence analysis. Although these analysis approaches stem from different traditions, they produce equivalent results when applied to an I x J table. (20pp.)

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