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Test Scores and Norms

Angoff, William H.
Publication Year:
Report Number:
ETS Research Memorandum
Document Type:
Page Count:
Subject/Key Words:
Norms, Scaling, Scores


The process of standardizing an objective test involves one or more formal administrations of the test, precisely as it is intended to be given in practice, in order to provide supplementary information to aid in the use of the test scores. These administrations are designed to yield data which may form the basis for establishing a scale system for the test; they may be used to derive a set of norms or interpretive data; and, for tests that are made available in more than one form, they may be used to determine a set of equivalency tables which will allow the conversion of scores on the different forms of the test to a common scale. The present treatment devotes a section to each of these three aspects of the process of test standardization. A fourth section deals with the problem of comparable scores on tests of dissimilar psychological functions.

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